× Dismiss

Never Miss an Update.

Syria Deeply is designed to provide you with a complete understanding of the Syrian conflict from all angles, including all the major players, issues and drivers of the civil war. Our editors and expert contributors are working around-the-clock to bring you comprehensive coverage and more clarity about the worst humanitarian crisis of our time.

Sign up for our newsletter to receive weekly updates, special reports, and featured insights on Syria’s civil war.

Underage Teens Face Conscription in Assad’s Syrian Army

“My son was only away for four days before he was killed. He was supposed to be in a training camp for at least six months.”.

Written by Celine Ahmad Published on Read time Approx. 3 minutes
Photo 16 5460f75782bd4

Adel, a teenager, worked with his father at their small shop near al-Halbouni, not far from Damascus. By age 17 he had dropped out of school to support his family, as their financial situation grew desperate over years of war.

Adel wasn’t a supporter of Syria’s government. But that didn’t stop him from being conscripted to fight on its behalf. He was arrested at one of the army checkpoints in the town of Qudsaiya in the Damascus countryside, then sent off to battle.

“We were on our way to work. We got stopped at a checkpoint and there was the usual ID check,” Adel’s father recounts.

“One of the men manning the checkpoint took a closer look at Adel’s ID before heading off to talk to the rest of the soldiers. He returned and told me that Adel will be serving in the army. I asked him to check Adel’s ID again; he wasn’t of age to serve. He screamed at me and said I’d get arrested if I didn’t comply with their orders.”

His attempts to rescue his son were futile. He went home, terrified of being arrested. Four days later he received word that his son had been killed in battle.

“One of the soldiers knocked on our door and asked me to sign a document, showing I received word about a [family] death. In the beginning I thought there was a mistake, but it was true. The soldier informed me that I needed to go pick up the body from one of the military hospitals,” he said.

“I couldn’t believe my eyes, I cried like a baby,” he said.

The next day, he headed to the hospital to pick up his son’s body. One of the hospital caregivers told him Adel was killed during a battle between the regime forces and opposition fighters in the Damascus countryside.

“I still don’t believe it,” says Adel’s father. “He was only away for four days. He was supposed to be in a training camp for at least six months. The caregiver told me Adel was brought in with other wounded soldiers and that his injuries were fatal. He died immediately.”

“It was a real nightmare,” he said, describing the loss of his son.

Adel isn’t the only victim of young conscription. Abdul was two months shy of his 18th birthday and also a high school dropout; he left his studies behind as the situation in Syria got worse. He had been serving in the Syrian army for only 20 days when he was arrested in a security raid, stopping new recruits from leaving.

“I was planning to flee to Turkey this month to get out of compulsory army service, but I got caught,” he told Syria Deeply while on sick leave at home.

“I was assigned to one of the barracks in the al-Sabboura area where training camps are held. Many of the guys there were my age or a little older. We practiced for only a week how to shoot a gun.”

Abdul said that he was sent with a few others to fight at the Joubar front in Damascus after a week of training. Officers told the new recruits that they would train on the battlefield, adding that there was no need to be scared.

“I found myself on the front lines the next day. I was terrified and I couldn’t fall back. I was scared of the other soldiers. The clashes were heavy and we were ordered to open fire. I was shot in the foot and fainted. I was then transferred to the Tishreen military hospital,” he said

When Abdul woke up, he was lying on the hospital floor, as all beds were taken by Hezbollah fighters from Lebanon. He risked losing his foot to infection, as the injury went untreated. But he was later given care, then granted sick leave.

“I have no choice now. I can’t desert the army, and they will definitely put me back on the field as soon as I get better,” he said. “All I want is to survive the battlefield. There’s nothing else I can do.”

Become a Contributor.

Have a story idea? Interested in adding your voice to our growing community?

Learn more